EXPERIMENTS ON HUMAN AND ANIMALS

​This was a series of illustrations I worked on when I was in 8th Semester. I chose this as my topic because I'm always fascinated by psychology and also to set a new challenge for myself. How can I visualise an idea without showing exact what's in the text? I worked with various styles to find out which style would suit the contents the most. 

(click on image to enlarge)

​Two-headed dog experiment

The two-headed dog experiment was performed by Dr. Vladimir Demikhov. Even before creating his two-headed dog, Demikhov was a pioneer in transplantology. After transplanting a number of vital organs between dogs, he aimed to see if he could take things further: He wanted to graft the head of one dog onto the body of another, fully intact dog. 

 

Starting in 1954 till 1959, Demikhov and his associates set about performing this surgery 24 times, with varying degrees of success.

The twins of Auschwitz

Experiments on twin children in concentration camps were created to show the similarities and differences in the genetics of twins, as well as to see if the human body can be unnaturally manipulated. The central leader of the experiments was Josef Mengele, who from 1943 to 1944 performed experiments on nearly 1,500 sets of imprisoned twins at Auschwitz.


The twins were arranged by age and sex and kept in barracks between experiments, which ranged from injection of different dyes into the eyes of twins to see whether it would change their color to sewing twins together in attempts to create conjoined twins.

Bystander effect 

The Bystander Effect was first demonstrated in the laboratory by two social psychologists: John M. Darley and Bibb Latané in 1968 after they became interested in the topic following the murder of Kitty Genovese in 1964.


The murder of Kitty Genovese is the case that originally stimulated social psychological research into the "bystander effect". On March 13, 1964 Genovese was stabbed, sexually assaulted, and murdered while walking home from work at 3 am in Queens, New York. 38 witnesses watched the stabbings but did not intervene or even call the police until after the attacker fled and Genovese had died.

Little Albert experiment

The Little Albert experiment was a controlled experiment showing empirical evidence of classical conditioning in humans.


For the experiment proper, Albert was put in the middle of a room. A white laboratory rat was placed near Albert and he was allowed to play with it.  Then Watson and Rayner made a loud sound behind Albert's back by striking a suspended steel bar with a hammer each time the baby touched the rat. Albert responded to the noise by crying and showing fear. After several such pairings of the two stimuli, Albert was presented with only the rat. Upon seeing the rat, Albert got very distressed and cried.

Operation midnight climax 

The project that started in 1954 consisted of a web of CIA-run safehouses in San Francisco, Marin County, California, and New York City. It was established in order to study the effects of LSD on unconsenting individuals.

 

Prostitutes on the CIA payroll were instructed to lure clients back to the safehouses, where they were surreptitiously plied with a wide range of substances, including LSD, and monitored behind one-way glass.

Project QK-Hilltop

Project QK-Hilltop was a human experimental program that was used in the CIA. This project was done by the CIA the goal of this to gain entrance of the human mind and manipulating it. 

Brainwashing Techniques
1.) Assault on Identity
"You are not who you think you are" systematic attacks on someone's sense of self. Under constant attack for days, weeks, and months.


2.) Guilt
Making a person feel bad attacking constantly of sin. Ex: "You'r an evil person".


3.) Self Betrayal
Agreeing you are bad or not good. Once in guilt the agent, forces through physical or mental harm.


4.) Breaking Point
The questions of "Am I really me?" "Where am I?" "Who am I?", undergo emotional breakdown.

​Project Artichoke

Project ARTICHOKE was a Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) project that researched interrogation methods using LSD, morphine and hypnosis.

Hepatitis experiment on mentally ill children at Willowbrook stateschool.

Willowbrook State school (Snake pit) has evoked the rage of public because of its experiment on its occupants.

Several outbreaks of hepatitis were reported shortly after Willowbrook opened its doors, and continued for almost a decade. The outbreaks should have led to increased medical care for the residents, but instead the residents became subjects of a controversial medical experiment.
Adults and children were knowingly injected with the virus that causes hepatitis for a medical study. Some were forced to eat feces from other residents who were infected with the disease.

Monkey drug trials

The ‘monkey drug trials’ of 1969 were conducted by Deneau, Yanagita & Seevers. 

The monkeys were taught how to use (abuse) the drugs, and after the monkeys knew how to do it themselves were left with a supply of each drug. 

The monkeys taking cocaine suffered convulsions and in some cases tore off their own fingers (possible as a consequence of hallucinations), one monkey taking amphetamines tore all of the fur from his arm and abdomen, and in the case of cocaine and morphine combined, it could be predicted that death would occur within 2 weeks